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Evangelical college imposes diversity requirements as controversial black professor leaves
Black & White Hands


‘Smiling and dancing and twirling with joy’

Wheaton College’s provost of 20 years is stepping down after a contentious few months in which a theological dispute with a black professor has brought to light debates on how evangelicals should engage in discussions on diversity.

But Stanton Jones is otherwise leaving on a high note. New diversity requirements known as “Global Perspectives” and “Diversity in the United States,” the product of a decade-plus overhaul of the core curriculum, is being finalized this spring and takes effect in the fall.

It has provoked no known significant opposition or criticism at an institution sometimes referred to as the Harvard of Christian colleges – perhaps because the diversity requirement is relatively easy to satisfy.

Wheatons undergraduate minority enrollment this fall stood at 8.6 percent Asian American, 5.5 percent Latino American, 4.7 percent two or more races,2.7 percent international and 2.6 percent African American – more than 1 in 5 Wheaton students are of color.

New provost Margaret Diddams, scheduled to start June 1, comes from Seattle Pacific University, which has the highest percentage of Asian and multiracial students among the 13-member Christian College Consortium.

Years of effort on racial reconciliation

Though Provost Jones announced last  year that he would step down, the schools subsequent suspension and investigation of tenured Prof. Larycia Hawkins – for her statements on Christianity’s relationship with Islam – pitted its own faculty against the administration.

Hawkins and the school made amends last month, but she quickly took a position at the University of Virginia.


At least since 2012, when some students mocked the worship styles of racial minorities who performed at a chapel service, Wheaton has made racial reconciliation a high priority, allocating resources into the Office of Multicultural Development and Shalom House, a multi-racial residential community.

Its efforts to emphasize diversity in the general-education requirements go back even further.

Faculty approved a diversity resolution in 2001 that pledged their support for the implementation of the other culturesrequirement throughout the curriculumand the inclusion of work by women and minoritiesin each departments curriculum.

Hawkins herself was a leader on the Diversity Committee, whose purview includes recommending criteria for the diversity curriculum, committee member Raymond Lewis, professor of biology, told The College Fix.

All about listening

Departments were required to submit course syllabi for curriculum approval, and those that “deeply engage with perspectives relating to race, gender, religious or ethnic diversity” were approved to satisfy the new diversity requirement.

Many of the classes, offered in departments including Philosophy, Sociology and History, can meet more than one core requirement. They were approved by the Curriculum Committee, chaired by Prof. James Wilhoit in the Christian Formation and Ministry department.

Most students werent directly involved in debating and then crafting the diversity requirement, but their representatives in student government were.

What both the Global [Perspectives] and the Diversity in the United States [requirements] intend to do is to broaden peoples experiences so students are not constricted to narrow confines of the experiences of their own race or class or ethnicity or Christianity,Prof. Cliff Williams, who teaches philosophy and advises the Christian Feminists club, told The Fix in an interview.

headshot.CliffordWilliamsDOTnetWilliams provided a copy of the syllabus for his new Race and Justice course, which will satisfy both the Philosophy and also the Diversity in the United States general-education requirements.

One of the course goals is: Critically and respectfully engage with the experiences and perspectives of marginalized racial, ethnic, class, and gender groups in the United States, as well as ones own experiences as a cultural being.Required texts include Race Matters by Cornel West, who spoke at Wheaton in 2014.

Williams said that these courses will be about listening to people who are really different, listening to ourselves, listening to God, listening to people who have different race or ethnicity, people who have been oppressed, who have experienced things we have not experience.

He concluded:Listening is a way of caring, a way of understanding, listening is a way of enriching ones life, its a way of bearing anothers burdens, of crying with others, of smiling and dancing and twirling with joy with others, with their delights and their lives.

The provosts office did not respond to a request for comment on how the new requirement was developed and debated.

Following the lead of other Christian schools

Wheatons recent change follows steps made by other Christian colleges.

For the Cross-Cultural requirement at Trinity Christian College, courses such as Diversity and Inequality, World Poverty and Postcolonial Literature count for the general-education requirement.

At Westmont College, the following classes can count toward the Thinking Globally diversity requirement: Sex, Gender and Power, World Religionsand Imperialism and Independence.

Other studies have found a predominance of religious schools ranking among the most diverse. Christian colleges were more than half of Best Colleges’ list of the 50 most diverse colleges, including Pepperdine University (Churches of Christ), St. Francis College and Santa Clara University (both Catholic).

CORRECTION: A quote attributed to Prof. Cliff Williams was written incorrectly. He said that listening is about “twirling with joy.” The sentence has been corrected.

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IMAGE: CliffordWilliams.net

About the Author
Ciera Horton is a junior at Wheaton College (Illinois) studying English and sociology. As a National Christian Forensics and Communications Association alum and Lincoln Douglas coach, her love for debate inspires her to seek the truth and to stay involved in relevant social conversations. Her recent co-authored piece for The Washington Post was covered by CNN, the Chicago Tribune, U.S. News and World Report and The Guardian. Her work has also appeared in The Wheaton Record and she is a contributing guest writer for Family Christian Bookstores’ national blog. In her free time, Ciera enjoys photography, traveling, painting and collecting old books.

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