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Judge slaps down college for judging accused student guilty without cross-examination of accuser

Applied policy to him that didn’t exist at the time

The Obama administration warned colleges against cross-examining students who claim they were victims of sexual misconduct, but judges who hear the lawsuits of accused students don’t seem to agree.

A Los Angeles Superior Court judge told Pomona College it deprived an accused student of a “fair hearing” by finding him responsible with no opportunity to submit questions to his accuser, and ordered it to remove his two-semester suspension.

“Jane Roe,” a student at fellow Claremont Consortium institution Pitzer College, had claimed that “John Doe” digitally penetrated her without her consent after several days of flirting in March 2015.

She had smoked marijuana and drank a beer at the party where they met before the incident, but Judge Mary Strobel’s ruling does not mention Roe claiming she was incapacitated, except to note that she was “unsure of how they got” to his bed.

Roe claimed to remember the rest of the encounter in detail, including that she “kissed John Doe back” because she didn’t know how to respond to his unwanted groping. Asked earlier by a friend via text whether she really wanted to go back to Pomona with Doe, Roe responded “Yea I’ll be fine” and suggested a meetup after the liaison.

Doe denied he had tried to remove Roe’s underwear, claiming she was wearing a swimsuit; he said it was Roe who directed his hand to her crotch without his consent (he later filed his own complaint against her).

Roe’s shifting story about her response to Doe’s alleged behavior – from freezing up to actively resisting – would later become crucial in the judge’s ruling.

Strobel notes that Pomona applied a brand-new sexual misconduct policy to Doe that was “still in the process of being reviewed” a month after Roe formally accused Doe, which was itself eight months after their disputed encounter.

The college did not tell Doe that the new policy would apply to his case. It interviewed about 20 witnesses before Title IX Coordinator Daren Mooko formally charged Doe with nonconsensual digital penetration, explicitly telling him the “definitions of sexual misconduct” from March 2015 would apply, but investigator Li Fellers later said that Mooko directed her to use the new policy.

At the adjudication hearing where Roe was a no-show, the “external adjudicator,” Joseph Costa, found Doe responsible under the new policy.

But he said Roe had communicated that Doe “may not have been aware that the Incident was not consensual” – suggesting Roe did not give him a clear refusal of consent. Costa also said Doe was “earnest” in his belief that it was consensual.

School invented procedure to accommodate accuser

Judge Strobel was largely not friendly to Doe’s case against Pomona.

She said Roe’s statements were mostly consistent with her behavior and backed by interviews with her friends, and noted that Pomona policy frowns upon assuming that consent for one activity (“such as kissing”) creates consent for another (“such as vaginal penetration”).

But the judge cited a recent ruling by the California Court of Appeals that laid out a test for when accused students must be afforded the right to cross-examine their accusers, if only indirectly: when findings are “likely to turn on the credibility” of the accuser, and the accused “faces very severe consequences” for violation.

Four days before the hearing where Roe didn’t show up, Doe was “still preparing questions” for her and requesting certain witnesses to testify. His request to Costa to overturn Mooko’s “determination” also mentioned questions he wanted asked.

Costa explicitly told Doe at the hearing that he had the right to submit written questions to Roe: “That would have had to have been done in advance. If she was here, I – you know, it would be a different story.”

The college told Roe she could submit answers to any questions from Doe in writing – an option that was not laid out in either the policy in place during the sexual encounter or the 2016 policy used to judge Doe. It was also not explained to Doe as an option, Strobel says:

The record reflects that Doe was first told that Jane Roe would not be participating in the hearing on May 16, 2016, two days before the scheduled hearing. …

Under the circumstances here, including Roe’s failure to attend the hearing, and the External Adjudicator’s decision not to pursue the additional steps requested by Doe, including questions to be asked of Roe, Petitioner did not have any opportunity to question Roe directly or indirectly. This raises serious fairness questions.

‘An explanation from [the investigator] is not the same as an explanation from Roe’

Pomona claims that Doe’s submitted question for Roe – about when she changed her story from “no discussion of consent” to active resistance and saying “no” to him – was answered by Fellers, the investigator, so it didn’t need to be asked of her.

Judge Strobel dryly observes: “An explanation from Fellers is not the same as an explanation from Roe.”

Though Doe brought up this discrepancy in Roe’s story at the hearing, Costa never even addressed it, and his finding against Doe suggests that Costa was responding to Roe’s initial story about being frozen and unable to respond to Doe’s advances, Strobel says. (Roe claimed she has post-traumatic stress disorder from two previous assaults).

In addition to inventing a procedure for Roe (written answers), Costa also never fulfilled his responsibility to evaluate whether Doe’s submitted questions were “appropriate,” Strobel says:

It is entirely unclear whether [Costa] would have made the same credibility determinations had Roe been questioned. The court finds that cumulatively, these conditions were prejudicial to Petitioner and denied him a fair hearing.

Read the decision.

MORE: California governor vetoes anti-due process bill

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About the Author
Associate Editor
Greg spent several years as a technology policy reporter and editor for Warren Communications News in Washington, D.C., and guest host on C-SPAN’s “The Communicators.” Previously he led media and public relations at Seattle’s Discovery Institute, a free-market think tank. Greg is developing a Web series about a college newspaper, COPY, whose pilot episode was a semifinalist in the TV category for the Scriptapalooza competition in 2012. He graduated in 2001 with a B.A. from Seattle Pacific University, where he co-founded the alternative newspaper PUNCH and served as a reporter, editor and columnist for The Falcon.

Add to the Discussion

  • Gerry Burnie

    It has been proven time and time again that there is and never has been a ‘campus rape epidemic.’ Obama knew this (or should have known it) when he signaled to Russlynn Ali (the author of the ‘Dear Colleague’ letter) to impose the ‘balance of probabilities) standard for hearings. In fact, when asked, Ali couldn’t verify the 1 in 5 statistic that had been debunked by its authors.

    Since then there have been lawsuits by the score and almost as many reversals. It is/was a witch hunt equal to Salem’s. Disgusting!

  • MikeyParks

    How dangerous is it that women have been given carte blanche to destroy a man’s life while he stands legally helpless with his hands tied behind his back? This sprung from emotional rule/law making at its most heinous. Absent actual witnesses, the “he said” side of any story should carry as much weight as the “she said.”

  • Ryan Bryan

    The D.C. letter was meant to do one thing. Get the numbers of reported rapes up so the BOGUS 1 in 5 statistic that has been parroted all over the place would FINALLY have some data to back it up. Sadly… the administration decided to do this on the backs of boys and young men everywhere. Regret asymmetry is a well documented issue and is now ruining the lives of young men as well as continuing to push boys away from obtaining a college education. Who wants to go to a school where you are automatically wearing a scarlet letter?

  • Man with Axe

    What woman would go home with a man who goes by the name John Doe?

    • George Kimball

      Maybe it was John Dough

  • gmartinz

    Life-like sex robots cannot come soon enough

  • Sam American

    Over and over again gender studies and sjw grads that make it through law school become title ix coordinators or asst deans and hold kangaroo courts that cost those school lots of $$$ – when are to trustees going to wake up to the lack of judicial fairness that has run amuck?

    After litigators empty schools for title ix $$$ they will be paying out conservative groups for denying them free speech.

    Universities are fortunate that conservatives tend to not be law suit happy. But given that injured students now understand the success rate for such cases (and how cases can change behavior) I forsee lots of colleges making payout and a strategy develop of students and the universities to make it rain.